There are times when you tell someone, you are pursuing interior designing or doing the interiors of the house and, they say it is only about choosing the colour and linen. They think its an easy job. That is a myth. Interior Designing involves knowing about the seven elements of interior designing and how to work them in a place, what will look good and what will not. If you are doing the interiors or plan to pursue interior designing, this will help you to understand the basics of interior designing.

Seven Elements of Interior Designing


The key element of interior designing you need to consider is space. The whole layout is according to space. Space is negative when there is a vacant area and, the one occupied is called positive space. Strike a proper balance between the negative and positive space. To avoid negative space, add decor items and furniture. While maintaining positive space by avoiding cluttering of stuff. You need to be able to move around the room. There should not be emptiness in the room as well. Use decor items that enhance the space and give the illusion of a larger area.

Elements of Interior Designing


Colour plays a salient role in the interior design of a place. The scheme decides the aesthetics, essence and vibe of a room. The dark coloured and dimly lighted room gives the depressing vibe, while the vibrant shades bring liveliness and calming tones bring smoothness to your room. Natural colours like green, blue and yellow make us feel fresh and relaxed. Whites and neutral shades give the sophisticated and elegant vibes to the room while comfort colours like earthy tones ensure warmth in the air. Depending on how a colour rules the ambience, choose colours that will help you in creating the vibe you want.

Colour as a Element of Interior Designing


The line is the element of art that is defined by the movement of a point in space. Lines are fundamental in the sense that they establish the shapes and forms of an area. It is responsible for motion across the room and helps in guiding the eyes all across the room. There are three types of lines used to shape the interiors of a room, – horizontal, vertical and dynamic. Horizontal line adds tranquillity, peace and comfort to a room. They exist in furnishings like table and bed. The vertical lines give the illusion of height and make your place look taller, like curtains, windows and doorways. If you want to make your room big and wide, then add horizontal lines and if you want it to look tall, then add vertical lines to add length. Dynamic lines add drama and aesthetics that can be found on the stairs or decor adding drama.

Element of Interior Designing


The pattern is a design that involves repetition of shapes, forms or colours. With it, you add some aesthetics, life and interest to the interiors of a place. One adds patterns to a room by using bed linen, curtain, rugs, table mats, wallpapers or ceiling. There are plenty of ways in which you can add pattern to the room. Ensure to have some pattern in the interior to add life and style to the place. Prevent it from running all over the place or, else it will look chaotic and, the pattern will begin to clash with each other.

Pattern as a Element of Interior Designing


Light is a much-needed element of interior designing. Without adequate lighting, your interiors are a waste. The light in a place decides the colour, furniture and decor that should be done in that area to make it elegant. Also, it sets the mood and vibe of the room. The most preferred way of lighting is natural light. Make sure there is a source of natural light by establishing windows. You can choose the size of the window according to the space available. Another way to ensure lighting is by adding task lights for specific tasks, accent lights to highlight the artworks and pieces you place and mood lighting to set the ambience of the room.



The texture refers to the surface quality of the art. They are associated with how we perceive art and how they feel. The texture could be glossy, matte, rough or smooth. There are two types of textures- actual textures and visual textures. Actual Textures refer to the feel and appearance of the art. It appears smooth and feels smooth. Visual textures refer to the textures created by illusion. Textures enhance the appearance of a place. In a room with dark colour pallet, choose the texture that reflects light and, gives the illusion of light. While in a bright room, textures should balance the vibrancy and the reflection of excess light.

Texture Ideas for Interior

Form or Shape

Form and shapes help in defining the space and objects therein and, have no role without space. Space needs shapes and forms to enhance. The form is created by combining two or more shape and is beautified by including patterns, textures and colours. Forms and shapes are geometric are human-made, natural that exist organically, open and closed. Inculcate both natural and geometric forms in an adequate proportion to elevate the design and prevent overdoing so that it does not look haywire.

Form and Shape

While making a delicious meal, there is a recipe and certain ingredients you need to make that dish. You miss one element from it and the food doesn’t turn out well. Similarly, there are seven elements of interior designing. Consider these elements for guidance on how to design. To achieve fabulous interiors to your sanctuary and make it an eye-pleaser, ensure to follow these elements. You can combine them and skip a few but make sure they exist in one way or another.



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